The higher the security requirements of the tier standard, the more UPS capacities must be kept available. The central advantage of multiple redundant systems is that maintenance and service are possible without limiting the availability of the data centre. The dimensioning of the batteries used results from the energy requirements of the mission-critical loads, the redundancy level and the specific ageing effects of the batteries.5
Another possible use for battery storage arises from the conversion losses of the AC power supply in data centres: converting the power supply to DC by using DC-capable components (servers, UPS, etc.) could reduce energy consumption by at least 10% compared to efficient operation with AC.6
The safety of the battery storage is of central importance: fire or explosion events not only endanger human lives, but also the function of the data centre - with high potential damages for the operator as well as especially for the dependent commercial enterprises.
The longevity of batteries is a key factor for the investment security of data centre operators. Batteries should therefore have a high cycle stability as well as constant performance values over the long term. This is all the more true the more extensively they are used to improve energy efficiency in data centres.
With a given amount of space, high specific energy, constant performance and deep dischargeability also offer the opportunity to minimise space requirements. Freed-up space can instead be used for the revenue drivers (servers, etc.).
The market for data centres is growing worldwide - driven by digitisation, streaming services, video telephony and social media - along three paths: (1) hyperscale data centres for bundling very large capacities at one location, (2) data centres operated by companies themselves and (3) small data centres for edge computing in the Internet of Things (IoT). The latter provide computing power at the edge of the communication network and thus replace data transmission to central data centres. In autonomous driving, this can shorten latency times and thus increase the reaction speed of the vehicle.
5 ScaleUp Technologies (2020b): Wie funktioniert die unterbrechungsfreie Stromversorgung im Rechenzentrum?
Link ↗ (accessed 15.01.2021).
6 Wissenschaftliche Dienste des Deutschen Bundestages (2019): Sachstand – Energieverbrauch von Rechenzentren.
Link ↗ (accessed 18.01.2021).